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“I am very pleased that our investors have embraced our unique language-parametric approach, built over more than 20 years within the K Framework. The generality of our approach allows our tools to be easily configured to work with different programming languages and different blockchains. The fact that five blockchains joined our investment round through their funds, based on research from their development teams who witnessed our technology, is a testament to the universality and strength of our K-powered technology.” -Grigore Rosu, Founder and CEO Runtime Verification
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IOSG logo

“As someone who was fighting cybersecurity risks on a daily basis, I’d always been looking for the “ultimate” solution to the arms race between the adversaries and the defenders, until I met with formal verification. It completely shifts the paradigm from looking for potential loopholes to certifying a software program is correct and thus “bug-free”. It is the “holy grail” of software security. Runtime Verification is a cross-industry leader in the quest to such “holy grail”. By carefully designing technology, framework, and tools to apply the mathematical rigor to software programs, it has made formal verification ever more practical. Critical software and infrastructure in the aerospace and automobile industries has been benefiting from it in the past decade. Now with the thriving decentralized economy, Runtime Verification has applied their technology to safeguarding some of our most frequently used blockchain infrastructures and applications as well. We are truly excited to work closely with Runtime Verification and embark on the next journey to take formal verification to our everyday software systems.” -Xinshu Dong, Partner IOSG Ventures
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Maven 11 logo

“Security is key for DeFi to mature even further. We cannot expect this to grow to a trillion dollar industry without institutional grade security. Runtime Verification provides exactly that. By using formal verification they go a step further than other audits and provide security while working alongside teams. We are excited to kick off the next growth phase for the company.” -Balder Bomans, Managing Partner Maven 11 Capital
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“We are excited about being able to secure a voice for the MultiversX Network at the heart of developing what we believe to be essential tools for the advancement of the general blockchain space. Our strategic investment in Runtime Verification aims for the sustainable growth of methodologies and devkits that already are embedded into the core practices involved in building the MultiversX protocol and connected tools.” -Beniamin Mincu, CEO MultiversX Network
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“After several months of working together, we already were able to create a K-Framework replica of our Arwen VM dubbed KArwen. Arwen is a WASM VM so Runtime Verification was able to expand their KWasm semantics for WASM to accommodate our virtual machine. The resulting KArwen is a fully formalized auto-generated virtual machine that can execute MultiversX Smart contracts. This lays the groundwork for advanced formal tooling to be used for the MultiversX smart contracts. An important outcome is also that Mandos testing using the K Framework already allows developers to perform code coverage testing at a lower level than previously possible.” -MultiversX
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“Mantis will also use Runtime Verification’s ‘K’ framework to give more sophisticated techniques for smart contracts verification and more predictable gas costs, making the platform more appealing, both to developers building smart contracts and end users looking for a cost-effective secure blockchain platform.”
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“We are happy to announce that the Batch Deposit Contract has officially been audited by Runtime Verification. Specifically, we have worked closely with Daejun Park of Runtime Verification, who has previously conducted anend-to-end formal verificationof the Ethereum 2.0 deposit smart contract, to conduct this audit. We want to thank the Runtime Verification team for being diligent, helpful, and extremely responsive throughout the engagement.”
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Quantstamp News

“Quantstamp’s experience includes securing over 5 billion USD worth of digital assets and working with over 140 startups, foundations, and enterprises. Quantstamp chose to develop the Hedera Hashgraph stablecoin standard in theK framework because it is robust, extensible, and widely adopted amongst developers. The framework shortens development time, provides formal guarantees about the correctness of functions, removes the need to develop new tests, and creates a shared understanding amongst developers concerning the architecture and functionality of implemented stablecoins. When stablecoins follow a secure framework, the framework facilitates the integration of implemented stablecoins into other financial applications. This type of modularity is the ideal environment to encourage the development of a healthy stablecoin ecosystem for enterprises.”
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PlatON Network

“It was a great experience to work with RV engineers and scientists on the Griskard proof. I was very impressed by the team's ability to tackle complicated concurrent scenarios and edge cases. I am happy to have RV as part of PlatON's grand plan. Moving forward, there are plenty of opportunities to engage again, namely around protocol modeling and formal verification of smart contracts.” - James Qu, CTO PlatON
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IELE is one in every of my favorite initiatives. It’s unbelievable stuff, it’s actually thrilling and I feel it gonna open up an entire new dimension of the product and I all the time believed that. After the nice collapse of 2017 we had nice-to-have vs. must-have and that was within the nice-to-have column. Plutus, Marlowe and this stuff are within the must-have column.” -Charles Hoskinson, CEO IOHK
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“Runtime Verification’s solution is to apply its K Framework, which is a mathematically rigorous toolset that gives users the ability to design and implement programming languages from basic principles, and derive software analysis tools for them following a correct-by-construction methodology. These factors allow users of the K framework to ultimately verify their programs and systems for maximum assurance.” - Illinois CS
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“We are delighted to support Runtime Verification’s grant application,” said Sean Lee, CEO of the Algorand Foundation. “We believe that creating aformal framework for Algorand Smart Contracts (ASC1s) will enable the creation of innovative, secure, and reliable DAPPs and DeFi solutions on the Algorand blockchain.” -Algorand Foundation
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Tezos Foundation

Runtime Verification designs formal models for high-value application domains, then uses the models to develop domain-specific products and services focused on correctness and security. Building off of its previous Tezos work, Runtime Verification will create aformal verification framework for Michelson by extending its existing unit testing framework to handle the case of symbolic unit tests. This project will help make it easier for developers of all backgrounds to deploy secure Tezos smart contracts.” -Tezos Foundation
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“We propose a new verification method for software intended to be flown on unmanned aircraft systems that is both automatic and inexpensive. In Phase 1 we will focus on a class of errors in C programs called “undefined behavior” (UB) because this makes the method both easy to use and easy to compare with existing static analysis tools.” - NASA SBIR
Grant description


“Formal specifications and proofs of method-level correctness for the smart contracts in the uniswap-v2-core repository (namely UniswapV2Pair and UniswapV2Factory) were produced using the act specification language and K framework. [...] Formal specifications for the contracts in uniswap-v2-core were written in the act specification language. These specifications are then compiled into reachability claims in the K language, and proved using the K framework prover against the bytecode produced by the build system in the uniswap-v2-core repository.” -Dapp Labs
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PlatON Network

“To say we are excited to engage with PlatON Networks is an understatement. We began conversations with their team in late 2019 about how and where our two companies could engage. Although we discussed various opportunities, including those related to writing and verifying programs written in web assembly (WASM), we eventually settled on protocol verification as a good place to start what will hopefully become a long-term collaboration and partnership.” - Patrick MacKay, COO
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Ethereum Trust Alliance

“Today we are very pleased to announce the formation of the Ethereum Trust Alliance (ETA). The ETA is a group of global blockchain security companies that are creating a security rating system for smart contracts to help users gain greater awareness of smart contract security and differentiate contracts which have gone through rigorous security checks. The founding members are MythX, Quantstamp, Runtime Verification, Sooho, SmartDec and ConsenSys Diligence.” - Ethereum Trust Alliance
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Tezos Foundation

Runtime Verification is a company aimed at using runtime verification-based techniques to improve the safety, reliability, and correctness of software systems. The purpose of this grant is to develop a formal semantics and reference implementation ofMichelson, a domain-specific language for Tezos smart contracts, in the K Framework. The K language is designed to make language definitions as readable as possible while still ensuring a K semantics has a precise mathematical meaning, and is supported by the tools of the K Framework. The Runtime Verification team will also publish documentation and interact with the wider Tezos developer community as part of this project.” - Tezos Foundation
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“The design and implementation of bridges to all major blockchains is one of our highest priorities. [...] Currently, the only way to generate a Polkadot Runtime is by using Rust along with Parity-built tools. We would like to increase the language options for developers to write these Runtimes and recently released an RFP for the development of a tool to generate WebAssembly Runtimes from AssemblyScript.” - Web3 Foundation
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“The MultiversX research and development team will work closely withRuntime Verification to further develop theK framework and its capability to generate correct-by-construction Virtual Machines for the blockchain. Through the research and development initiative between MultiversX and Runtime Verification we aim to take smart contracts to the next level, and to make the GO backend developed by MultiversX for the K framework, open source and available to the wide public.” -MultiversX Network
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“To achieve even greater assurance about the Algorand protocol, and to make future design and validation of new protocols easier, we have chosen to enhance our mathematical proofs on paper with machine-checkable formal verification approaches. For this purpose, we engaged Runtime Verification, a company with deep verification expertise, to verify the correctness of theAlgorand consensus protocol.” - Algorand Foundation
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Ethereum Foundation

“Many resources are shifting into testing, fuzzing, and audits over the coming months. We engaged Runtime Verification to formally verify the deposit contract and to formally specify the Beacon Chain. This is in addition to considerable effort by the research, development, and security teams involved in ETH 2.0 toward reliability and security.” -Ethereum Foundation
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“Our team worked closely with Runtime Verification (RV) — a company that specializes in using runtime verification techniques to ensure that software systems are secure — to release a formal verification report. While testing and auditing are essential steps in the development process, formal verification is a mathematical proof-based methodology used to significantly decrease the likelihood that a smart contract is buggy.” -Gnosis
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Runtime Verification has been working closely with Rikard Hjort of Chalmers University on the KWasm semantics, which will allow Web Assembly contracts to be formally verified using the K framework. The core computational opcodes are finished, what remains are memories, tables, and modules. Memories are almost done, awaiting final review and approval, and tables will follow shortly.” - Panvala
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Chicago INNO

Runtime Verification, based in Urbana, has developed tools to improve the safety and reliability of software systems. Its technology can automatically detect bugs that are lurking in a company’s software, and identify problems before a program crashes. Runtime’s customers include a handful of high-profile clients—such as Boeing, NASA, Toyota and theNational Science Foundation—who use the startup to make sure their code is error free. For these types of companies, if their software fails, the stakes are higher than, say, a shopping app or a dating website. Detecting problems as soon as possible helps machines run better and keeps people inside those machines safer.” - Chicago INNO
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“Uniswap liquidity pools are autonomous and use the Constant Product Market Maker (x*y=k). This model was formalized and the smart contract implementation passed a lightweight formal verification.” - Uniswap
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“To provide the highest confidence that the contracts behave as expected, we are working with Runtime Verification to provide us with a formal and mathematically provable audit of theMulti-Collateral smart contracts. We believe MakerDAO will be the first production smart contract system that is formally verified in this manner.” - Maker
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Cardano Foundation

“The K framework was used to formally model the semantics of the Ethereum Virtual Machine, and the knowledge gained from this process was employed to design IELE, the virtual machine for Cardano that will be released in a test format in a few weeks’ time. This is the first time this technology has been deployed within the blockchain industry. Importantly, K is a means to formally verify the code of smart contracts, so they can be automatically checked for the types of flaws that have led to catastrophic financial loss, and must be avoided at all costs.” -Cardano Foundation
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“The first Cardano smart contracts testnet launches today, theKEVM testnet, a correct by construction version of the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) specified in theK framework. This technology, produced byRuntime Verification with the support of IOHK, is the first time that a complete formal semantics of the EVM have been produced. This is an important first in cryptocurrency that is a necessary step towards the promise of third-generation blockchains.” - IOHK
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Ethereum Foundation

“These grants will fuel theteams working hard at research & development to support the entire ecosystem. Furthermore, we hope that these grants will signal to the community what we think are the missing pieces in the ecosystem that need more support. Said in another way, the Foundation is here to serve teams and individuals that are working to prevent a tragedy of the commons.” -Ethereum Foundation
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All News

2021-06-22 | MultiversX Network | Commitment Towards Institutional Grade Security: MultiversX Joins Runtime Verification Series A Funding Round

2021-06-22 | 链闻 ChainNews | 三分钟读懂区块链安全审计机构 Runtime Verification 形式化验证方案

2021-06-21 | IOSG Ventures | 为什么我们领投 Runtime Verification

2021-06-20 | AlexaBlockchain | Security Audit Firm Runtime Verification Raises $5.3 Million

2021-06-19 | IOSG Ventures | Runtime Verification: The Game Changer for Securing Blockchain

2021-06-18 | Maven 11 Capital | Maven 11 Capital backs Runtime Verification

2021-06-18 | CoinDesk | Security Audit Firm Raises $5.3M From Funds Investing in Polkadot, Cardano Blockchains

2021-06-18 | Illinois CS | Runtime Verification Raises $5.3 Million To Advance Blockchain Security

2021-06-18 | CoinQuora | Runtime Verification Raises $5.3M for Better Blockchain Security

2021-06-18 | | Runtime Verification Raises $5.3M for Better Blockchain Security

2021-06-18 | U.Today | Blockchain Security Auditor Runtime Verification Raises $5.3 Million

2021-06-18 | Yahoo News | Security Audit Firm Raises $5.3M From Funds Investing in Polkadot, Cardano Blockchains

2021-06-18 | 币世界 Bi Shi Jie | 安全审计机构 Runtime Verification 完成530万美元融资,由IOSG领投

2021-06-18 | 链闻 ChainNews | 安全審計機構 Runtime Verification 完成 530 萬美元融資,IOSG Ventures 領投

2021-06-18 | 律动 BlockBeats | Security system developer Runtime Verification closed a $5.3 million funding round, led by IOSG Ventures

2021-06-18 | THE BIT BUZZ | Runtime Verification Raises $ 5.3M to Improve Blockchain Safety | Pc science

2021-01-06 | MultiversX Network | From Rockets To Blockchains: Formal Verification Pioneered At NASA Applied At MultiversX Via Runtime Verification

2020-12-23 | Crypto Slate | IOHK’s new KEVM devnet opens up Cardano for Ethereum developers

2020-12-21 | Digital Coin Standard | K framework Ensures Compatibility Between Solidity And Cardano’s Blockchain For Interoperability

2020-12-18 | Fintech Zoom | Ethereum – Cardano to speak in confidence to Ethereum Solidity devs with new initiative

2020-12-18 | Blockchain Technology News | Cardano is building bridges to Ethereum with new KEVM testnet

2020-12-11 | Illinois CS | Abdelzaher, Lazebnik, and Rosu named 2021 IEEE Fellows

2020-12-11 | Bankless Times | IOHK Relaunches Mantis, Targets Ethereum Classic community

2020-12-11 | FinTech Zoom | IOHK relaunches Mantis to supply Ethereum Basic neighborhood a safer future

2020-12-08 | PlatON Network | The Safety and Stability of PlatON Consensus Protocol Passed Runtime Verification’s Academic-Level Scrutiny

2020-12-04 | Crypto Ninjas | IOHK plans to achieve future Cardano smart contract compatibility with all programming languages

2020-12-04 | INVEZZ | Cardano (ADA) smart contract now compatible with all programming languages

2020-12-04 | Business Blockchain HQ | Cardano Introduces Two Devnets to Enable Any Developer to Build Smart Contracts and Dappss

2020-11-22 | Crypto News Flash | Cardano: Update on financial contracts, Goguen, Marlowe and Plutus

2020-11-16 | Stake.Fish | Getting closer to launch: The stakefish Batch Deposit Contract audit is complete

2020-10-28 | Quantstamp Labs | Formally Verifying Hedera Hashgraph's Stablecoin Framework

2020-10-26 | PlatON Networks | Runtime Verification completes another successful engagement with PlatON Networks

2020-10-12 | New World Times | IOHK indicators contract with Runtime Verification

2020-10-11 | Crypto News Flash | Cardano: IOHK signs contract with Runtime Verification, roadmap for Goguen to be released end of October

2020-10-08 | Illinois CS | Rosu sharpens company vision with third NASA SBIR grant

2020-07-30 | Illinois CS | Sha models a more certain way forward for medical treatments during COVID-19 pandemic

2020-07-29 | Algorand Foundation | Runtime Verification Inc are the latest recipient of an Algorand Foundation Grant

2020-07-23 | Tezos Foundation | Announcing Fourth Cohort of Tezos Ecosystem Grants

2020-06-29 | NASA | A Semantics-Based Verification Toolset for UAS Embedded Software

2020-05-24 | Top 10 Blockchain Security and Smart Contract Audit Companies

2020-04-20 | Uniswap | Uniswap V2 Audit Report

2020-03-09 | CryptoNinjas | Runtime Verification enters a protocol verification agreement with PlatON blockchain

2020-03-09 | PlatON Networks | Runtime Verification Enters a Protocol Verification Agreement with PlatON

2020-02-04 | Ethereum Blog | Audit and formal verification of deposit contract bytecode completed by Runtime Verification

2020-02-03 | ETA | Runtime Verification joins Ethereum Trust Alliance (ETA) as a founding partner

2020-01-29 | 6 Best Smart Contract Auditors For Blockchain Platforms

2019-09-10 | Tezos Foundation | Announcing Second Cohort of Tezos Ecosystem Grants

2019-08-17 | Web3 Foundation | Web3 Foundation Grants — Wave 3 Recipients

2019-07-14 | MultiversX Network | MultiversX Initiates Cooperation With Runtime Verification — A Research and Development Company Specializing in Formal Methods

2019-06-25 | Algorand | Runtime Verification Formally Verifies the Algorand Blockchain Will Never Fork

2019-05-21 | Ethereum Foundation | Ethereum Foundation Spring 2019 Update

2019-05-05 | Waves | Mathematically proven 100% safe smart contracts

2019-04-27 | Week in Ethereum News | Gnosis Safe gets formally verified by Runtime Verification

2019-04-26 | Gnosis | Formal Verification— A Journey Deep into the Gnosis Safe Smart Contracts

2019-04-23 | UIUC CS News | Bootstrapping in Chicago

2019-04-03 | Panvala | Batch Two Token Grant Applications

2019-03-27 | MultiversX Network | Welcoming Grigore Rosu as Advisor to MultiversX

2019-01-04 | UIUC Research Park | EnterpriseWorks Graduate Runtime Verification Thrives in Urbana

2019-01-03 | Chicago INNO | Meet the IL Startup Helping NASA and Boeing Detect Errors in Their Software

2018-11-30 | Gnosis | Formal Verification of the Gnosis Safe Contracts

2018-10-18 | Bitrates | MakerDAO: A Stability Engine With a Decentralized Governance Model

2018-10-12 | Uniswap | Lightweight Formal Verification of Uniswap Smart Contract

2018-09-17 | MakerDAO | The Code is Ready

2018-08-22 | MakerDAO | Update on Availability of Multi-Collateral Dai

2018-08-21 | CASA | Storing your Ethereum Safely

2018-08-09 | Week in Ethereum News | Runtime Verification: how formal verification of smart contracts works

2018-08-01 | Cardano Forum | Webcast with Grigore Roșu, CEO of Runtime Verification

2018-07-31 | BC Focus | IOHK launches Cardano smart contracts testnet for IELE virtual machine

2018-07-31 | Crypto Ground | IOHK Launches Second Cardano Smart Contracts Testnet 'IELE'

2018-07-30 | Payment Week | IOHK Launches IELE Virtual Machine Testnet for Cardano Blockchain

2018-06-14 | Blokt | Cardano Brings Forward Its First Smart Contracts

2018-06-12 | Crypto News Monitor | Grigore Rosu: The K framework – a framework to formally define all programming languages

2018-06-07 | Bitrates | IOHK: Virtual Machines and Contract Code Correctness

2018-06-05 | invest in blockchain | Cardano Launches KEVM Testnet: What This Means and Why This is a Big Deal

2018-05-28 | IOHK | First Cardano smart contracts testnet launches

2018-03-07 | Ethereum Foundation | Announcing Beneficiaries of the Ethereum Foundation Grants

2017-12-20 | All Coins News | Virtual Machine for Blockchain Launched by Runtime Verification and IOHK

2017-12-20 | Chain Finance | Virtual Machine for Blockchain Launched by Runtime Verification and IOHK

2017-12-18 | Payment Week | Runtime Verification and IOHK Launch Virtual Machine for Blockchains

2017-12-18 | Payments Journal | Runtime Verification and IOHK Launch Virtual Machine for Blockchains

2017-12-18 | UIUC CS News | Runtime Verification and IOHK Launch Virtual Machine for Blockchains

2017-10-03 | UIUC CS News | Student uses a tool called K to build a path towards more secure blockchains

2017-10-02 | Crypto Ninjas | Research project produces first complete formal semantics of the Ethereum Virtual Machine

2017-08-02 | Econo Times | IOHK’s UIUC project builds formal semantics of Ethereum Virtual Machine

2017-08-02 | Coin Journal | KEVM Wins IC3-Ethereum Crypto Boot Camp 2017 Competition

2017-08-01 | Coinspeaker | IOHK-Funded UIUC Project Produces First Complete Formal Semantics of Ethereum Virtual Machine

2016-10-31 | UC San Diego | CSE Alumnus Wins Most Influential Paper for Work on Runtime Verification

2016-10-17 | UIUC CS News | Rosu earns ASE Most Influential Paper award for work that helped launch runtime verification field